Carrying excess weight can have an impact on a person’s emotions, level of confidence, self-esteem, and physical and mental health. Most people want to be a certain weight because of social pressure.

Maintaining a healthy weight can help protect you from being a victim of bullying. Weight management programs can help you maintain a healthy weight. Unhealthy weight also has a negative impact on health. Losing weight not only changes your physical appearance, but it also improves your quality of life.

Managing your weight requires healthy eating habits and regular physical activity.


BMI – Body Mass Index

BMI is an indicator of overweight and obesity. The BMI is calculated by dividing a person’s weight by their height squared. Click here to use Health Surgeon’s BMI Calculator and let us do the math.

The body mass index otherwise known as BMI, is a simple calculation using a person’s height and weight. Most health organizations put a healthy BMI score between 18.5 and 25.0. Some people refer to this as a normal BMI.

Body Mass Index (BMI) estimates the amount of fat in the body, and predicts the risk for diseases associated with having too much fat in the body.

The greater your Body Mass Index, the greater your risk for certain diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, breathing problems, gallstones, and certain cancers.


Preventing Weight Gain

The most effective way to prevent weight gain is through self-management.


Understanding Calories

To control your weight you want to pay attention to calories.  Your body uses the calories in food as energy in order to run regular functions like breathing and heart beat but to also fuel your cells so you can think and be physically active.  While knowing a good calorie number for you specifically is important you don’t want to neglect nutrition.

Daily Energy Expenditure Health Calculator.  Calculate how many calories your body needs to function properly. Also known as the basal metabolic rate (BMR) calculator. This will give you an idea of the minimum number of calories you should eat each day if you are trying to maintain your weight.

A healthy diet plan should include whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and nuts.

A healthy diet plan will also have a balance of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

A calorie from any source has the same effect on weight, so the best way to control weight is to limit portion size and exercise more.

READ MORE: Basic Dietary Guidelines Of Nutrition Science


Physical Activity

Only about one in five adults and teens get enough exercise to maintain good health.

The American Heart Association:

Recommendations for Adults

  • Get at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes per week of vigorous aerobic activity, or a combination of both, preferably spread throughout the week.
  • Add moderate- to high-intensity muscle-strengthening activity (such as resistance or weights) on at least 2 days per week.
  • Spend less time sitting. Even light-intensity activity can offset some of the risks of being sedentary.
  • Gain even more benefits by being active at least 300 minutes (5 hours) per week.
  • Increase amount and intensity gradually over time.

Physical activity is significant for preventing unhealthy weight gain.



Who can take better care of an individual than that individual themselves? Self-monitoring is very crucial. It is the process of observing and recording what you eat and drink, as well as your physical activity, and then looking at the patterns.

Self-monitoring is a way to become more aware of your own behavior and how it affects the outcomes you get. This text is a warning that if problems arise, it can also track the success rate.

Self-monitoring techniques that are commonly used include:

  • Food journals
  • Regular self-weighing
  • Exercise diaries
  • Pedometers, accelerometers and metabolic devices


Healthy Eating for a Healthy Weight

Health Surgeon’s Ideal Weight Calculator can help you determine if you need to lose some weight!

It is not good to have an unhealthy eating pattern and be at a healthy weight. Healthy eating requires a balance of macro and micronutrients like protein, carbohydrate, fat, fiber, vitamins and minerals in our diets.

There is no need to eliminate entire food groups from your diet. Instead of choosing unhealthy options from any food group, it is better to select healthier choices from all food groups in order to achieve a healthy weight.

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are a good source of nutrients including vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants while being low in calories. If you eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day, you’ll feel more full and be less likely to eat unhealthy foods.

A serving size is equal to half a cup of raw fruit or vegetables. If most of us were to double our current intake of food, we would be better off nutritionally. Fruit and vegetable intake can be increased by

  • Including them in all the meals
  • Taking fruits as a dessert
  • Replacing an oily side dish with a vegetable salad.
  • Snacking on vegetables like carrots, cherry tomatoes and peas

Calcium-Rich Foods

Calcium aids in improving metabolism, allowing the body to burn fat more efficiently. People aiming for weight loss can take calcium-rich foods. These include,


Meat can be included in a healthy weight-loss diet. There are many benefits to consuming lean meats that are high in protein and low in saturated fat. Some of these benefits include: weight loss, improved heart health, and improved cognitive function. Processed meats are high in sodium and saturated fat, so they should be avoided.

The following meats can be part of a healthy diet:

  • Skinless chicken breast
  • Salmon
  • Turkey

Comfort Foods

Comfort foods are different for everyone.  Comfort foods can make you feel nostalgic about the past when experiencing a difficult situation. Comfort food is defined as simple foods that bring back positive feelings from the past or provide a sense of comfort during difficult times. The taste of home-cooked food often brings back happy memories of childhood.

Comfort foods are often distinguished by their higher levels of calories and carbohydrates.

There are a few comfort foods in India that include curd rice, khichdi, bissi bele baath, tamarind rice, dal chawal, rajma chawal, and dosa. It can vary with each individual.

Coffee is also a comforting food for many.

Eating these foods helps the body release dopamine, which reduces stress, provides pleasure, and creates a feeling of warmth. This, in turn, can indirectly impact weight management.



Water and Healthier Drinks

Water is very vital for the body’s functioning. Water is necessary for our bodies to process the food we eat and can help with weight loss.

Drinking 4.5 litres of water a day can help you to lose up to 800 grams a day. The science behind this is simple, water is the only drink that has zero calories and filling up the stomach with zero calories is a good way to start a weight loss regime.

Drinking too much water can be dangerous as it can dilute your body salt levels, nonetheless drinking 4.5 litres of water a day is safe as long as you do not exceed this number.

Drinking plentiful water throughout the day helps keep lethargy, fatigue and headache away. Water also aids in weight loss by helping boost metabolism. The best part, water helps reduce the risk of many diseases as it aids in better absorption of essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals.

Some additional healthy drinks options include vegetable juices, green tea, apple cider vinegar, and fruit-infused water.

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Planning Meals

To plan meals, the first step would be deciding how many calories to consume. To lose weight, you need to consume fewer calories than you burn. To maintain your weight, you need to balance the calories you consume with the calories you burn.

The BMR Calculator You use energy no matter what you’re doing, even when sleeping. The BMR Calculator will calculate your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR); the number of calories you’d burn if you stayed motionless for a day. Many people ask us “how many calories do I need each day”, and the BMR calculator is a great place to start. This will be the minimum number of calories you should eat on a daily basis.

Choose when you will eat and plan ahead for healthy food options. Meals that are high in nutrients and come from all food groups are the best for managing and losing weight.

The amount of food you serve is an important part of meal planning.


Calorie Restriction

Reducing average daily caloric intake without depriving essential nutrients. If you want to lose weight, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor first.

You have to burn 3500 calories to lose one pound of weight. This is why you should use a calorie counter regularly.

Health Surgeon’s Weight Loss Calculator – This weight loss calculator will show you how long it will take to reach your target weight (gaining or losing), based on different levels of calorie intake. Determine how to lose weight fast, in few days, or a longer period of time.

To lose one kg per week, you should reduce your daily calorie intake by 500 calories.



Healthy Recipes

Celebration foods (cake, ice cream) tend to be high in calories, unhealthy fats and sugars, which can lead to weight gain and wear down the bones and organs. They also deprive the body of essential nutrients.

To manage your weight, you need to cook healthy meals that are packed with nutrients. Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, stroke and heart disease are leading causes of chronic illnesses that can be kept under control by eating healthy.

Cooking healthily strengthens the immune system and protects the body against infections. When a person eats healthy foods, they tend to feel better and have more energy. This lowered risk of chronic diseases.

Eating foods as close as possible to their natural state is a good way to avoid the calories in sauces and dips. Fruits and vegetables are low in calories and contain must need nutrients.  Baked proteins are much healthier than fried fish or chicken.



Exercise for a Healthy Weight

You should aim to do at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity at least five days a week, according to experts.

If you want to keep a healthy weight, especially after you’ve lost a lot of weight, you need to do at least an hour of exercise every day.

Walking, running and playing sports are all examples of activities that involve structured physical movement. Daily activities include housework, garden work or dog walking. Pick a variety of activities, both structured and daily, to get the most benefit.

Are you curious how many calories you burn during different activities? Here at Health Surgeon, we provide a calorie burned calculator that breaks it all down for you. Whether you are looking to lose weight or simply maintain your current physique, knowing how many calories you’re burning is essential information. So use our calculator and see for yourself how many calories you burn! 

Weight management cannot be achieved without a combination of a balanced diet and physical activity. According to research, being physically active can assist with shedding pounds and keeping them off. Exercise not only helps you lose weight by burning calories, it also has other benefits.


Weight Management Tips

1. Eat Home-Cooked Food

Tattoo this on your mind. A meal prepared at home is healthier than other options. A well-balanced meal contains all the essential nutrients and meets all the daily requirements.

The study found that when you consume the nutrients your body needs, you feel more full and don’t have unnecessary cravings. You will not consume extra calories, so you will start to lose weight.

2. Avoid Binge Eating

Do you often find yourself eating a lot of your favorite snack? You would continue to eat without being aware that the food will soon run out.

A packaged food item contains a high number of calories and is low in nutrition. This means it will not keep you full for very long and you will start to feel hungry again soon. Not to mention the empty calories you consume. If you control your overeating, you will see your weight decrease.

3. Do Not Do Restrictive Diets 

Restriction does not help you lose weight in the long run. Diets that eliminate carbs, detox diets, and diets that rely on apple cider vinegar and maple syrup are not sustainable and are not a good long-term option.

If your diet is too restrictive it will not be sustainable.  Make healthy choices that you can continue once you hit your weight loss goal.

4. Count Your Calories

You should keep track of your calorie intake so that you do not exceed your daily calorie budget. Think of making a budget for your body as a way to avoid weight problems. By only using the calories within your budget, you can avoid weight difficulties.

To help you avoid consuming too many calories, write down what you eat each day can help you stay on track.

If you eat an extra portion of rice during lunchtime, you should reduce rice intake during dinner time. This is how you can stay within your calorie budget for the day.

5. Controlled Portions are Very Effective 

If you eat a bowl full of your favorite food, you don’t need to consume as much of other foods. Eating a full bowl of food is not necessary, half a bowl is just as good. Consuming fewer calories than you currently eat may help you lose a few pounds.

6. Use Smaller Plates

If you are struggling to control your portion size, here is your solution. Use smaller plates.

It is 100% effective in helping you lose weight. It is true that if you serve food to yourself on smaller plates, you are less likely to overeat and thus lose weight.

7. Mindful Eating

If you are careful about what you eat and how much you eat, you don’t need to worry anymore. If you consume fewer calories than you burn, you will lose weight.

8. Increase Your Protein Intake 

Protein is a macronutrient and is a bodybuilding nutrient. This food will help to stave off hunger, making you less likely to crave snacks between meals.

It will help you avoid overeating. It is easy to consume too many carbohydrates, but not proteins. Choose foods that are lean, such as lean meat, eggs, fish, dairy products, or soybeans. They are a good source of protein and low in calories.



9. Add Fiber

Just like protein, fiber is a satiating food. If you’re not constantly feeling hungry, you’re less likely to overeat.

You should eat foods that are high in fiber and low in calories, like fruits and vegetables or multigrain roti. If you’ve ever felt fuller after eating a nutritious meal than you have after eating processed foods, there’s a reason for that. Foods that are high in nutrients tend to make us feel more satiated than foods that lack nutrients, meaning we’re more likely to eat less of them.

10. Choose Good Fats

If you want to lose weight, you need to learn how to control your sugar cravings. Do you know how? Eating foods that contain healthy fats can help you to control sugar cravings and lose weight.

Nuts are high in minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, and a source of good fats, like omega-3 fatty acids. If you’re looking for a healthier snack option, try nuts instead of chocolate or brownies. You may find it easier to control your portion size and resist overeating.



11. Eat Slowly

Oh! The stressful days have made it difficult for us to take the time to enjoy our food. It seems like you have dedicated your life to your work. If you eat too quickly, your body won’t have time to process the food and you won’t understand what you’re eating.

If you have ever been told by an older person to eat slowly and think about your food, they were likely trying to get you to be more mindful. When you mind is occupied with something else, you will tend to eat faster.

Your brain 20 minutes to process information about how much food you have eaten, and then sends you signals telling you to stop eating. If you eat too quickly, your brain might not register that you’re full and you might eat too much.

12. Avoid Stressful Eating 

You might not be aware that you are overeating. Working people should learn how to manage their stress.

The inevitable workload that comes with any task that has a deadline. The same is the situation with stress. Your mental health is just as important as your physical health and you should take care of both.

Your cannot focus on one aspect of your health while ignoring the other.

13. Avoid Drinking Your Calories

Do you drink soda or milkshakes for lunch? You are doing wrong with yourself.

Do you know liquids tend to increase your appetite? Yes, they boost your hunger, and you eat more. Although we often purchase shakes from stores, we neglect that they consist of useless calories.

Instead, go for coconut water.

14. Go Natural

Do you choose fruit over chocolate because it’s healthier, or do you choose dahi with seasoning over a brownie and ice cream because it’s more refreshing on a hot day? Then you have won half the battle.

If you want to stay healthy and happy, you should eat natural options like fruits, salads, whole grains, seeds, and nuts, and avoid desserts, ice cream, and snacks.

15. Check the Label on Packaged Food

If you need to eat packaged food for your job, be sure to read the label. If you typically eat a lot of packaged foods, it’s a good idea to get in the habit of checking the labels. That way, you can avoid foods that are high in sugar or sodium.

Therefore, look for organic, low salt, low preservative options. Although they may cost more, our first priority is always our own wellbeing. You should invest in your health instead of buying things like extra pairs of shoes.



Weight management is a process of achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. This can be done through diet, physical activity, and lifestyle changes. A nutritionist or dietitian can help you develop strategies for long-term weight management.

The main goals of weight management are to lose weight and to keep it off. achieving the goal requires a good balance of diet and physical activity.

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