Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola virus disease has been spreading around the globe and has killed over 4000 people since March 2014, Ebola is an ancient disease that was first diagnosed in mid 1970s and after the African outbreak in 2014 its been a global issue.

It has killed over 4000 people around: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. In August 2014 a British nurse was diagnosed with this deadly disease and in October 2014 Spain was also in the news. Although Ebola is a low risk to countries outside Africa it is still a global issue.

How do Ebola spreads around people and how to Avoid Ebola Virus spread?

Ebola virus has been living harmlessly in fruit bat, gorillas, chimpanzees and dead animals, the outbreak starts when people get in contact with these dead and living animals. Blood in stool, urine and vomit is carry this deadly disease and direct or indirect contact with it can spread around people.

Other ways to get infected with Ebola consists of:

  • Touching soil
  • Touching clothes
  • Having sex with someone with Ebola
  • Handling medical needles

Therefore avoid the above is a good way to avoid getting infected with Ebola virus.

What are the risks of Ebola?

The risks are very high if you are a living family member that was diagnosed with Ebola, hospitals are also in greater risks and protective clothing minimizes the risks therefore these are under quarantine environment.

What are the symptoms of Ebola?

There are a number of visible symptoms of Ebola virus infection these are:

  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Muscle pain
  • Sore throat
  • Intense muscle weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Bleeding from ears, eyes, nose and mouth
  • Impaired kidneys and liver functions

It takes around 2 to 21 days to these symptoms appear but usually within 1 week of being infects.

What is the treatment for Ebola?

There is no licensed vaccine treatment for Ebola, it is deadly and it should be taken seriously, once infected the person is put in to intensive care in an isolation quarantine environment to avoid quick spread of the disease.